Grantees > Grantees 2009 – 2012
The members of the PUF Grant Review Committee met on Tuesday March 24th, 2009 from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm under the co-presidency of Dr. Allan E. Goodman, President and CEO of the Institute of International Education (IIE) and Dr. Christophe Laux, Professor of Engineering, Ecole Centrale Paris (ECP), in order to choose the laureates of the second PUF Call for projects.
91 grant applications were examined. 16 laureates were selected, and subsequently approved by the steering committee of PUF and the board of FACE.
The laureates are listed hereinafter
(without merit order):
PARTNERSHIP: California Institute of Technology – CALTECH / Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique – Laboratoire d’Electronique et des Technologies de l’Information. CEA – LETI
SUBJECT: Education of researchers within the alliance for nanosystem VLSI
The collaboration project Alliance for nanosystems VLSI was publically formalized on November 5, 2007 and regards PhD, postdoctoral and research levels. The partners, California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and the Commissariat à l’énergie atomique de Grenoble (CEA), Laboratoire d’Electronique et des Technologies de l’Information (LETI), conduct ambitious research in the field of very large scale integration of nanoelectromechanical systems which also include several Californian and French laboratories. The Face-PUF fund aims at supporting exchange programs for young researchers and educational courses on nanotechnology and physics of nanosystems in both institutions. Developing such a research field should have a great influence on research in biology and medicine and lead to the transformation of how clinical diagnoses are carried out.
PARTNERSHIP: University of Dallas – University of Southern California / University of Toulouse – LAAS CNRS
SUBJECT: MOMA: Modeling integrated nano structured energetic materials
This program addresses fundamental issues to build multifunctional and taunable energetic nanopbjects specially designed and engineered to produce pressure and/or chemical species and/or temperature. These nano-engineered objects will lead to “energy free” nanosystems, remaining passive for tens or years, with the capability of being activated by external stimuli (mechanical impact, temperature,…) within nanoseconds. The impact would be large for micro energetic systems, especially for the integration and storage of energy into micro chips for long times and under severe conditions (first decisions, communication and reaction without the human presence). The purpose of MOMA project is to set up an education/research collaboration combining theoretical and engineering expertise at the LAAS CNRS and the University of Southern California with experimental advances in synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials at the University of Texas at Dallas. This program provides unique educational opportunities for French and US students (Masters and PhD levels) involved in the development of “atomically precise” technologies, particularly for energy applications. Students will gain experience in both theory and experiments in an interdisciplinary and coordinated manner working with the latest methods and tools distributed over the three research institutions.
PARTNERSHIP: University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) / Université de Montpellier 2
SUBJECT: One and two photon nanovalves
The program consists of a research work on nanotechnology-based drug delivery system triggered by one or two-photon irradiation. The aim is to use a mesoporous silica nanocontainer filled with an anticancer drug. The pores will be blocked by a supramolecular stopper. After endocytosis inside cancer cells, light will open the nanovalve allowing the drug to escape from the nanocontainer and to kill cancer cells. The program also involves a teaching part at Master 2 level based on nanotechnology for health.
PARTNERSHIP: The Salk Institute / INSERM and Université de Montpellier 2
SUBJECT: The large Maf protein family in the development and the physiopathology of somatosensory circuitry
The overall goal of this partnership is to map the pathways that conduct the sense of touch from the body surface to the brain. Collaborative efforts will focus on determining how cells in the dorsal spinal cord receive and integrate this information to produce a map of the body surface. Cutting edge genetic techniques in mice will utilize the large maf family of proteins to probe these circuits and functionally analyze the neuronal components of the sensory circuitry. The information gained will be important for understanding disorders in the nervous system that cause chronic pain.
PARTNERSHIP: Drexel University / Université Paul Sabatier de Toulouse
SUBJECT: New Materials Synthesis and Processes for Energy Storage Microdevices
The fast expansion in the use of mobile electronic equipment as well as the increasing needs for wireless sensor networks raise the problem of energy storage : how to power multiple systems without increasing connections or battery size. Power densities of standard micro-batteries are quite low. Supercapacitors on the other hand, have a huge power density and a long life cycle and are in this sense environmentally friendly. The presented project proposes the development of high-capacitance, high energy density micro-supercapacitors incorporated into silicon carbide wafers.
Full Summary : New Materials Synthesis and Processes for Energy Storage Microdevices (PDF)
PARTNERSHIP: University of California Los Angeles / Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales EHESS – CNRS
SUBJECT: 21st century Cuisine, Nutrition and Genetics in France and the United States
This collaboration project, led by the University of California in Los Angeles (UCLA), the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) and the Centre de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), includes a common research program and a framework for knowledge sharing and production (graduate and post-doctorate students exchanges, joint publications, conferences…). Moving across life and social sciences, the outcomes of this project should have a great influence on public health issues such as obesity or food industrialization. Observing preschoolers and French and American families over dinners, the researchers will be able to measure to what extent genetic, cultural or sociological features can influence our alimentation.
PARTNERSHIP: Microelectronics Research Center, Georgia Institute of Technology / CNRS LNCMI Grenoble
SUBJECT: Innovative microwave nanodetectors and current / voltage microgenerators based on the ratchet effect
Our goal is to develop a higher level of international cooperation and to stay at the forefront of research in the area of nanoscale microwave detectors. Using materials such as grapheme and Si/SiGe, we aim to develop new types of microwave detectors of terahertz radiation of the current/voltage can be controlled by a microwave. The specific objective of the partnership is to organize and fund visits of PhD students, post-doc and faculty in the partner research centers. The partnership is based on a fruitful scientific collaboration between CNRS Grenoble and INSA Toulouse with Georgia Tech, started in 1987.
Full Summary : Innovative Microwave Nanodetectors and Current (PDF)
PARTNERSHIP: University of California Los Angeles – UCLA / Ecole Normale Supérieure ENS
SUBJECT: Theoretical / Experimental Linguistic Cognition Advanced Studies – TELCAS
This project seeks to capitalize on the complementary scientific strengths of the Department of Cognitive Studies of the Ecole Normale Supérieure (ENS-Paris) and the Department of Linguistics of the University of California in Los Angeles (UCLA). It intends to deepen existing collaboration between them in doctoral training and research
(i) by promoting the awarding of joint doctoral degrees and
(ii) by intensifying the volume and the depth of scientific exchanges for trainees and teachers/supervisors (students, postdocs, professors, researchers) to the level necessary to entice students to engage in Joint Doctoral Degree Program.
Full Summary : Memory And Memorialization (PDF)
PARTNERSHIP: University of Arizona / CNRS
SUBJECT: Water, Environment and Urban Development: US and EU Case Studies
This research and education project toward every university levels (from undergraduate students to researchers) deals with study field such as water, environment and sustainable development. It includes several French universities and schools (Paris 1, 6 and 7, Ecole des Mines de Paris) and provides opportunities for exchanges of students between institutions. The Face and PUF fund is based on a binational agreement signed in April 2007 which implemented a CNRS Unité Mixte Internationale (UMI 3157) in the University of Arizona. The research field concentrates on the influence of different types of urbanization in the provisioning and management of water, studying American and European urban areas (Arizona and Ile-de-France) with very different climatic, physical and historical characteristics. Taking into account the need for an improved management of unsustainable natural resources, the outcomes of these researches should feed the reflection about the evolution of the schemes of urban sprawl.
PARTNERSHIP : School of Marine Science and Policy – University of Delaware / Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris 6
SUBJECT : The Carbon Cycle in Two Coastal Marine Ecosystems
This project will examine biochemical cycles in two contrasting coastal marine ecosystems (Mediterranean Sea coast and the Mid-Atlantic Bight). It will also enhance the education and research experience of PhD students and postdoctoral scientists. The project will build on on-going collaboration and would broaden it substantially. It will allow a more thorough and direct comparison of coastal processes occurring in the Mediterranean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean. The French coastal station is in nutrient-poor waters are nutrient-rich in part because of large inputs from the Delaware River and estuary. A more thorough comparison of these two contrasting sites is likely to yield insights into general processes governing the carbon cycle and other biochemical processes in global coast waters.
Full Summary : The Carbon Cycle in Two Coastal Marine Ecosystems (PDF)
PARTNERSHIP: University of California Santa Barbara / Université Charles de Gaulle Lille 3
SUBJECT: Women, culture and the Arts in medieval and renaissance Europe
Our interdisciplinary teaching-research program will bring together well-established Medieval and Renaissance professors and scholars with emerging experts (graduate and post-doctoral students alike) in multiple fields, including literary and cultural studies, art history, the visual arts, women’s studies, history of the book. This three-year project involves a research exchange (UL3) and colloquium (UCSB) around issues if interdisciplinary research and scientific collaboration (year 1); a collaborative teaching venture at UCL and UCSB focused on the theorization and the actual development of cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary collaborations (year 2); and the organization of an international conference (UL3), which includes presentations of student’s collaborative work, and participation at a residency program (California) to produce a volume of conference articles for publication (year 3). Our goal is to encourage graduate students in Medieval and Renaissance disciplines from our two institutions to pursue interdisciplinary studies about women in European culture and the arts and to offer them unique pedagogical, research and professional experiences in a truly international environment that will enhance their academic profiles and future opportunities.
PARTNERSHIP: New York University / CNRS
SUBJECT: Memory and memorialization
The main objectives of our project are as follows :
1) to deepen our understanding of the relationship between history and memory;
2) to examine the workings of memory as a phenomenon crucial to both social science and neuroscience;
3) and to apply these intellectual and scientific understandings to the work of two key historical museums : the September 11 Memorial Museum, now in its planning stages, and the Memorial de Caen, one of Europe’s most important memorial museums. Our project brings together French and Americains researchers with specialities in history, philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, museum studies, and performance studies, among other disciplines.
Full Summary : Memory And Memorialization (PDF)
PARTNERSHIP: Washington State University / Institut d’Etudes Politiques Bordeaux (Sciences Po Bordeaux)
SUBJECT: Joint graduate program in political science – COGITER (Comparative government institutions and territories)
This collaboration project aims at creating a joint degree at master level in comparative government institutions and territories. This program should host a new cohort every year, 2 in 2009, 3 in 2010, 5 in 2011… The partnership will then be extended to the PhD level. Every year, a PhD student of each institution will have the opportunity to conduct a PhD research program in the partner institution, supervised and approved by a joint doctoral committee. This collaboration has been at stake for a long time since an exchange program at undergraduate level has already been implemented and the researchers of both institutions have been working together for 8 years notably on the 2008 volume “The French Fifth Republic at Fifty”
Full Summary : Joint Graduate Program in Comparative Government (PDF)
PARTNERSHIP: University of Georgia (Athens) / Université de Pau et Pays de l’Adour – Pau
SUBJECT: Comparative historical ecology of transatlantic mountain landscapes
The objective of the partnership between the University of Georgia and the Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour is to develop a transdisciplinary reciprocal graduate exchange program in Comparative Historical Ecology between our two institutions. Our proposed program responds to the growing need to prepare a new generation of researchers able to analyze the complexity of our environmental challenges and design that protects essential ecosystem services while meeting human needs.
Full Summary : Comparative Historical Ecology of Transatlantic Mountain Landscapes (PDF)
PARTNERSHIP: Marine Law Institute – University of Maine School of Law / Centre de Droit Maritime et Océanique – Université de Nantes
SUBJECT: Comparative marine law : Nantes and Maine
The Centre de Droit Maritime et Océanique (Centre of maritime and oceanic law, Faculty of Law, Université de Nantes) and the Marine Law Institute (University of Maine, School of Law Foundation) will undertake collaborative research, convene conferences and work together to develop a postgraduate law degree in Comparative Marine Law to be awarded by each institution. Students who satisfy a menu of academic requirements will be trained in American, French and European marine law. The program will require that students spend semesters in Nantes and in Maine and will afford them the opportunity to write theses supervised by faculty at either institution. By study and research that draw upon the maritime traditions of France and America, graduates will be uniquely positioned to address the problems of the oceans by deploying comparative legal tools in the global common interest. (PDF)
Full Summary : Comparative Marine Law (PDF)
Centre de Droit Maritime et Océanique
Dr. Gwenaëlle Proutière-Maulion
Senior lecturer and director of the Centre de Droit Maritime et Océanique
Tel: +33 (0)2 40 14 15 34
PARTNERSHIP: San Francisco Art Institute / Université Paris 8
The San Francisco Art Institute and the Université Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne together participate to the IN-OUT project; developed from the association of scientific laboratories and art schools CiTu (Création Interactive Transdisciplinaire Universitaire). Art is here seen as fostering our imagination about the technological and global future evolutions. That’s why CiTu is seeking at strengthening collaboration between artists and scientists who sometimes happen to work and complementary disciplines. The immediate goal of the partnership is to develop a master level course implementing an international collaboration on interdisciplinary art research and creation in the field of digital media. Students and teachers exchanges, two workshops every semester, exchange of information through a digital platform and synchronized multipoint exhibitions will also be implemented.
Full Summary : The Art Collider (PDF)